From audio signal to physical copy

During cutting, the acoustic information is transmitted to the lacquer foil or copper blank via the cutting system. The cutting head contains a magnet and two coils - one for the left channel and one for the right channel. The audio signal is transmitted to the magnet, which moves through current flow. This movement is transmitted to the stylus, which is attached to the end of the cutting head which makes the movement visible and palpable in the form of a groove on the lacquer foil or copper blank.

The cut forms the template for the subsequent pressing. This means that a change in the audio material (e.g. the track sequence) is only possible with a new cut.


A good sounding record starts with the right mastering. Digital files cannot be easily transferred to an analog medium. Accordingly, the music must be adjusted to avoid problems like distortion without losing the original sound.

To get the most out of your music, we offer the option of digital or analog pre-mastering.

The following guide values apply to the playing time per page:

7" 33 rpm - max. 6.5 min
7" 45 rpm - max. 4.5 min
10" 33 rpm - max. 15 min
10" 45 rpm - max. 7 min
12" 33 rpm - max. 24 min
12" 45 rpm - max. 11 min


The classic vinyl cut. The music is cut onto an aluminium disc covered with lacquer. We work with a Neumann VMS70 with SX74 cutting head and a specially designed Pitch13 system for improved feed control compared to the original.


We are one of the few cutting studios in the world to own a Neumann VMS82 and are therefore able to produce DMM cuts. In this process, the cut is cut onto a copper blank instead of a lacquer foil, hence direct metal mastering.

The main advantage of DMM cutting is that it is less susceptible to external noise such as crackling. This makes this process particularly suitable for long playing times and quiet music.